How Can Gastrointestinal Issues During Pregnancy Be Treated?

Gastrointestinal Issues During Pregnancy

Women undergo lots of issues during pregnancy, and gastrointestinal issues are one of them. As new life grows through the womb, it is exciting, but it brings with it a lot of pain and discomfort. 

There are some common stomach issues during pregnancy, ranging from constipation to diarrhea, gas formation, nausea and vomiting, etc. This stomach ace can easily be treated by maintaining certain adjustments to your lifestyle. 

In this article, we have outlined some common remedies for abdominal disturbances issues during pregnancy. First, here are some common gastrointestinal issues women face during pregnancy.

Common Gastrointestinal Issues During Pregnancy

As your baby starts to grow in your womb, you are likely to face various pregnancy-related issues during this period. Women need to change their diets to support their growing babies, eating healthier and experiencing changes in appetite, resulting in gastrointestinal disorders. 

Food cravings can also lead to gastrointestinal issues. Additionally, a mother undergoes numerous hormonal changes and may develop new food aversions, which can further result in gastrointestinal issues.

The most common gastrointestinal disorders during pregnancy may include:

  • Constipation
  • Gas formation
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Heartburn
  • Diarrhea
  • Gallstones
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Endoscopy Considerations During Pregnancy
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Avoiding Gastrointestinal Issues During Pregnancy

Avoiding gastrointestinal issues during pregnancy is crucial for maintaining comfort and a healthy pregnancy. However, as said, these issues are common during pregnancy, as women’s bodies undergo many natural changes during this period. 

There are several strategies that a soon-to-be-mom can follow to avoid the natural issues faced during pregnancy, such as:

1.Lifestyle Adjustment For A Safer Pregnancy

Making lifestyle adjustments during pregnancy is crucial for the health and well-being of both the mother and the developing baby. These adjustments play a vital role in managing gastrointestinal issues during pregnancy, providing significant relief without the need for medication. Instead of eating large meals all at once, it’s better to eat small, frequent meals.

It is also essential to avoid smoking and drinking during pregnancy, as they can significantly endanger the health of the unborn baby and may cause miscarriage. Furthermore, smoking can lead to premature delivery, which may severely affect the baby’s health and increase the risk of birth defects.

Stress is another factor that pregnant women should manage. It is common to experience stress during pregnancy due to work, family pressure, financial concerns, or other social pressures. This stress can significantly affect mood swings and lifestyle changes, which may alter your dietary plan and cause gastrointestinal disorders.

Doctors suggest that a stressed mother has a higher chance of developing gastrointestinal issues than a mom who is calm and relaxed. Therefore, it is crucial to remain calm and relaxed during pregnancy.

2. Drinking Plenty Of Water

During pregnancy, the body undergoes significant changes that can often lead to various gastrointestinal disorders, and drinking plenty of water can solve many of these problems.

According to obstetricians, water is the cornerstone of all bodily functions. It plays a pivotal role in the health of a pregnant woman and her developing baby.

Pregnant women need to drink plenty of water, but sometimes this is overlooked. Here, we have outlined some tips for increasing water intake:

  • Keep a water bottle within reach.
  • Consider adding flavor to your water.
  • Set reminders to drink water at regular intervals.
  • Pay attention to the color of your urine.

Adequate water intake can help dilute stomach acids, leading to a smoother digestive process and less irritation of the stomach lining. It also helps break down food more effectively, ensuring better nutrient absorption and less gas production from undigested food particles.

Thus, drinking water is a great way to alleviate gastrointestinal issues during pregnancy.

3. Exercise Regularly During The Pregnancy Period

Exercise plays a critical role in enhancing digestive health during pregnancy. Engaging in regular physical activity helps stimulate the intestinal muscles. Physical activity also facilitates smoother and more frequent bowel movements. 

Regular exercise not only helps manage gastrointestinal problems but also improves overall health during pregnancy. This helps in combating gastrointestinal disorders caused by hormonal changes and the physical pressure of carrying a baby in the womb. 

It furthermore helps boost mood, enhance sleep, reduce pregnancy-related discomforts like back pain and fatigue, and improve posture.

Not all forms of exercise are suitable for pregnant women, so it’s important to choose activities that are safe and effective, such as:

  • Walking
  • Prenatal Yoga
  • Swimming
  • Stretching

It is important to consult your physician to ensure that the chosen activities are safe for your specific pregnancy condition to ensure the safety of both the mother and the baby.

4. Maintaining A Healthy Diet While Carrying A Baby


A healthy diet is the cornerstone of a successful pregnancy. It is by far the most crucial step for a to-be mother since a new life is being grown in the body. It plays a crucial role in managing gastrointestinal issues. It ensures the health and well-being of both the mother and the baby.

A well-balanced diet during pregnancy involves more than just eating more. It requires careful consideration of what to eat to support both the mother’s health and the baby’s growth.

To combat gastrointestinal issues, certain dietary adjustments are required to ensure the healthy growth of the baby, which may include:

  • Incorporating a variety of fiber-rich foods
  • Increasing intake of nutrient-rich foods
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Eating smaller portions more frequently
  • Limiting fatty and spicy foods
  • Incorporating probiotics such as yogurt, kefir, and other fermented products

There are also certain foods that you need to avoid during pregnancy; these may include:

  • Unpasteurized products and raw meats
  • Excessive caffeine
  • Alcohol

Sticking to a healthy diet not only relieves gastrointestinal discomfort but also contributes to overall health benefits for both the mother and baby. Thus, a healthy diet is crucial to combat abdominal disturbances during pregnancy.

5. Proper Medication To Combat Gastrointestinal Challenges

Pregnancy is tough and often brings with it a lot of gastrointestinal challenges. They usually range from mild discomforts like heartburn and constipation to more severe conditions such as hyperemesis gravidarum, i.e., severe vomiting and others.

Lifestyle adjustments, such as drinking plenty of water, exercising regularly, and following a proper diet, are the first line of defense. Still, sometimes, medication is necessary to manage some common abdominal disturbances. 

To take those medications, it is necessary to consult your doctor, even for over-the-counter medicines, to ensure they are safe for you. It is also crucial to review your medicines, such as FDA-approved ones that are safest during pregnancy. Furthermore, it is important to note the side effects of those medicines and report them to the doctor immediately if any signs of those medicines show up.

While medication can be necessary to manage gastrointestinal issues during pregnancy, it’s paramount to approach treatment with caution. By working closely with your healthcare provider, you can minimize discomfort and ensure a healthier pregnancy for both you and your baby.

Final Verdict 

Gastrointestinal issues are quite common during pregnancy. Many problems can arise while carrying a child, with the majority related to gastroenterology. 

Treating these issues involves a combination of safe medications, lifestyle adjustments, and dietary changes to ensure the safety of both the mother and the developing baby.

As the popular American actress Patricia Heaton once said, “A woman experiencing an unplanned pregnancy also deserves to experience unplanned joy.” Thus, before trying any new treatment or making significant changes to your diet or exercise routine, it is always crucial to consult with your doctor to maintain a healthy and happy pregnancy.

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Emily Pham

Infant Teacher

My name is Emily and I am an infant teacher. My aim with this position is to learn how children develop as unique individuals and learn how to support their holistic growth. I am currently a student at San Francisco
State University majoring in Child and Adolescent Development. With this experience, I am hoping to get a sense on whether I want to continue to work in the classroom or if I want to learn the administrative side of education. The experience of working directly with children is gratifying and I wish to create a safe space for children to explore with all of their senses as they develop their own personalities. I hope to be able to help build a strong foundation so that the children can have the confidence and ability to express themselves.